Juniper Research studied impact of information and other technologies on population life in different cities in the world. Analysis of infrastructure and effectiveness of processes, in which townsmen participate, allowed creating the rating of smartest localities in 2016 year. Singapore became the first in this list. Singapore is island city-state in Southeastern Asia, one of so-called Four Asian Tigers. Effective government policy in the sphere of implementing innovations won the place for it in the list of most highly developed cities in the world.
According to IOT Institute, which shared the details of research, it touched on many spheres including intelligent lighting system, smartphone spreading, Internet access and online services based open data. In this rating, experts gave special attention to evaluation of transport and energetic systems. Among other factors due to which Singapore got high rate, there can be marked out wireless networks and urban traffic control technologies.
Many localities experiment with smart city technologies. But Singapore government affirms that its work in this direction is much more ambitious and reaches nation-wide scale. In 2014 government started Smart Nation city development program. Within this program, state, business and activists mutually develop, implement and improve high-tech projects in order to improve quality of life of all population categories.
National Singapore acellarator Infocomm Investments Pte Ltd creates favourable ecosystem for rapid implementation of innovation in country. Organization connects government, startups, separate specialists, corporations and investors. Mutually created decisions (from services for monitoring of municipal problems to services for collection of medical data) afterwards are being supplemented by user’s information. In the long term, all participants contribute within one’s ability and get tangible benefits.
Information and communication technologies play a key role in the concept of smart city. That is why Singapore government violently develops Internet of Things, connecting many cameras and sensors in a whole city to network. Signals which is received allow watching over urban processes. For instance, law enforcement can record smoking in non-smoking areas (it is strictly forbidden in Singapore).
Circulation of data in the city is provided by cable internet with 1 Gbit/s speed and developed wireless coverage. Moreover, in the beginning of the year, Asian operator Singtel began to offer in Singapore the Internet access with 10 Gbit/s speed. Such channel will be enough for downloading 2-hour HD film within 90 seconds.
Starting from 2011 year, government publishes part of data, which is being collected by 70 different organization at special website. Developers can connect to server and use information for their projects. For now, list of applications, based on open data about Singapore, include more than 100 projects. Thus, government develops platform for realization of ideas aimed on comprehensive city-state improvement.
High population density in Singapore requires many efforts for struggle against overloading of flow lane. There are approximately 1 million automobiles in city with 5,4 millions of people and roads, which take 12% of island area. Solution for this problem became state system of traffic control, which uses sensors and cloud services. For example, application “MyTransport” informs users about buses schedule, availability of free places and accessibility of taxi. Another project – Beeline, local modification of BlaBlaCar, send public transport along non-standard routes, as soon as it has required requests from citizens. You can pay for transportation via smartphone.
In addition, Singapore government shows interest to remotely controlled vehicles in order to better optimize traffic. With governmental support startup nuTonomy plans to launch in Singapore driverless taxi service. Commercial start of project is expected by 2018 year. One of the founders nuTonomy Emilio Frazzoli tell that algorithms will allow cars to interact with each other for effective distribution through the city. It is expected that technology of optimal routes detection will reduce traffic congestion; economy on drivers will reduce cost of transportation and absence of emissions will make ecology better.
Probably, driverless transport will appear in the streets of Singapore even in this year. Netherland engineering company 2getthere and Singapore carrier SMRT Services work in this direction. Thanks to project of these companies, citizens will be able to move along special highways in self-directed capsules, each of which will be able to accommodate 24 individuals. Supposedly, this system will allow transporting of 8000 passengers per hour in specified direction in any weather conditions.
There is advanced computer system of electricity management in Singapore. With its help, operators distantly monitor and control the plants on electricity production and electric power grid. Another smart system provides real-time monitoring over gas pipeline condition. Observers get actual data about tap status, pressure and other very important indicators. Digital analysis of gas dynamics help to react promptly in case of emergency.Geographic peculiarities of island impose constraints on water and vegetable food production. But technologies help in this situation. There are four wastewater treatment plants in Singapore, which satisfy a 30% of water demand in the city. And in order to grow more plants in minimal space, a local company Sky Greens Farm builds modular vertical farms. Such construction ensures uniform distribution of water and sun at all levels of construction.
Health care and security
Smart Nation strategy gives also consideration to health-care system. Several hospitals in Singapore offer telemedicine services: patients undergo therapy sessions at home, and doctors monitor their bioindicators using sensors and wireless communication. Application “MOH iHealth Sg”, created by Ministry of Health of Singapore, gives supplemental information about clinics and personnel, allowing even to observe queues via web-camers. Another interesting project includes installation of sensors in bathrooms of domestic houses in order to allow citizens distantly monitor the state of health of old and sick relatives or friends.
Thousands of sensors and cameras help also to keep up public security. Moreover, government of Singapore with software company “Dassault Systèmes” are developing city digital copy. 3D model will accumulate many indicators about demography, energy consumption, climate and other factors influencing on citizens’ life. For instance, government plans to use this program for prediction of possible disasters and creation of scenarios for way out of such situations. Part of data will be open for public. Defined term for starting of project is 2018 year.
Government plans intensify pace of city modernization. However even now Singapore is striking example for other cities and governments.